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Object Name Sign, Informational
Title Doctor Hall Jackson
Artist James L. Garvin
Date 1976
Place of Origin Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Description "Doctor Hall Jackson." "Diagonally across Court Street stood the home of Dr. Hall Jackson, a pioneering physician whose name is prominent in the history of American medicine. Jackson was noted for his skill in smallpox inoculation and in majory surgery. He was knowledgeable apothecary, and was one of the first to introduce foxglove into North America for the production of the heart stimulant digitalis. "

"Born in Hampton, New Hampshire, Hall Jackson was the son of Dr. Clement Jackson, also a noted physician. The younger Jackson served a medical apprenticeship with his father in Portsmouth. In 1757, he travelled to England, where he introduced a new method of smallpox inoculation that he had learned in New Jersey. While studying in London; Jackson obtained foxglove seeds from the garden of Dr. William Wethering, and subsequently cultivated the plant at his Portsmouth home as a treatment of heart ailments."

"Jackson became famous throughout New England for his success in the operation of "couching," or removing catarats of the eye. In one notable operation in 1771, Jackson restored the sight of a 39 - year - old man who had been blind since the age of 6 months. Several of his cataract patients were black slaves, whose masters evidently wished to restore them to useful labor."

"Jackson's medical skills..."

PHOTOS:
ABOVE: THE DOCTOR HALL JACKSON HOUSE, WHICH STOOD DIAGONALLY ACROSS COURT STREET.
LEFT: PORTRAIT OF HALL JACKSON AS A YOUNG MAN
RIGHT: THE VALUABLE PLANT FOXGLOVE, FIRST INTRODUCED INTO NORTH AMERICA BY DOCTOR HALL JACKSON.
Accession Number 2016.10